Every tomato producer has a "secret recipe" for the success of tomato production. The high tomato yield is an integral part of proper plant nutrition. The plants also need food! Planting the plant in a timely manner not only increases crop yield but also promotes the harmful effects of diseases and pests.
Plants do not consume hamburgers and fried potatoes but still need "nutrients." Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are the most common nutrients. Most fertilizers are the three combinations. When reading a fertilizer package, three series of numbers, such as 3-0-3 or 15-10-5, show the ratio of all three nutrients in the fertilizer. Other nutrients and minerals, in smaller quantities, help tomato plants to grow robust and healthy. Plants receive nutrients from the soil in which they are planted, so soil preparation is an integral part of ensuring the right amount of plant nutrients.
To determine which nutrients the garden soil should promote healthy plant growth, prepare a soil sample and send it to the local co-operative expansion agency for analysis. The soil sample allows you to properly prepare the garden soil and add enough nutrients to the cultivation of healthy plants. Another important test is soil pH. Soil pH affects the nutrient uptake of plants. If the soil is too high or too low, the pH should be added by adding the mill (to increase the acidity) or lime (to increase the alkali).
When to add nutrients? Tomato plants require different amounts of nutrients at different stages of growth. After getting the soil test results and before planting tomatoes, develop a general fertilizer into the soil. The 5-10-10 or 8-16-16 ratio is good to start. The results of the soil test indicate if you are seriously missing a nutrient or another.
As soon as the plant begins, different proportions of nutrients promote the best growth. As the plant begins to bloom, it needs a higher potassium ratio.
Soil composition for plant nutrition
Addition of fertilizer is just one step to have the plants with the right nutrients and growing crop yields. The soil composition and structure directly affect the plant health of tomatoes. Tomato plants grow into roots in the soil. Hard clay soils should be broken and modified with compost to promote healthy root growth. Too much sandy soil requires the addition of organic matter to keep water and nutrients
Compost for high yield
Organic material is an essential component of soil. The addition of the appropriate organic substances greatly improves the state of the soil, while adding improper organic matter to the soil can be harmful. Organic material can be worn with top dressing or double digging. Dressing fits perfectly with ecological works, organic materials are added to the top of the soil, almost like soil cover. Double digging requires digging and removal of soil, mixing organic matter with soil, and replacing newly mixed soil.
Large organic matter is already being composted or broken down. As wood chips, leaves and other composts are decomposed, they use nitrogen. It is important to replace the composted organic material freshly as the fresh material removes the essential nutrients from the soil. If all fresh organic materials are available, make sure that nitrogen is added together with the organic material.
Soil composition is the key to growing tomato success. The availability of structure, pH and nutrients all contribute to plant health. For more information on the state of health of the soil and how to treat nutrition (including more detailed information on the diagnosis of nutritional deficiencies), see