Yoga – Origin and Background

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Yoga is an age-old science that consists of various sciences of mind and body. It comes from India 2500 years ago and still brings effective health and well-being to everyone who regularly does it. The yoga word is based on the Sanskrit verb Yuja. This means that you can join, crank or agree. It is the climax of soul and body, or Jiva and Shiva (soul and universal spirit). Purush and Prakriti (Yin and Yang) are also highlights.

Yoga is very wide. There are many schools or yoga systems available. Dnyanayoga, Bhaktiyoga (yoga with devotion), Karmayoga (yoga through action), Rajayoga (royal or supreme yoga) and Hathayoga (yoga balancing the body's opposition principles). All of these yoga schools do not necessarily differ greatly. They are like similar clothes fibers, hooked in one another. For thousands of years yoga is an effective way of self-development and spiritual enlightenment. All these systems serve essentially the same purpose; only the ways of implementation are different for each of them. In the most widespread form, Yoga came to associate with the last of these systems, which is Hathayoga. For the purposes of this Article, the term yoga has the same meaning. Although the philosophy of Yoga, which is at the end of the article, the yoga concept is wider.

Asana and Pranayama

Let's look at the two main components of Hathayoga, that is Asana and Pranayama.

a) Asana:
Asana means gaining posture and retaining it until one of its bodies allows it. Asana, if the rules described above are right, has vague physical and psychological benefits. Asanát Pranayama is seen as the first step. Asana's practice is in balance with opposition principles in the body and in the psyche. It also helps to get rid of helplessness. The advantages of Asana enhance the longer maintenance. Asanas must be stable, stable and pleasant. Here is a summary of the general rules for preparing Asana.

Summary of the rules:

1. Normal breathing
2. Focused stretching
3. Stable and comfortable posture (sthiram sukham asanam)
4. Minimal effort (Prayatnay shaithilyam)
5. Comparison or Competing With Others
No Spoof or Fast action. Keep a slow and steady pace.

Each asan has its own advantages and some general advantages like stability, flexibility, better hormonal secretion, fresh and rejuvenated. It is a misconception that an Asana (yoga section) is difficult to do to be useful. Thanks to the simplest Asana, the common benefits of yoga are the most complete. In addition, the beauty of yoga is in the fact that, at a not too perfect level, most of the benefits are still available. This means that even a beginner is beneficial for yoga as an expert.

In their quest to overcome the misery of the human body and soul, yoga founders found a part of nature. They are watching birds and animals, especially in their fashion, to get rid of inertia and malaise. Based on these observations, yoga sections were created and named after birds, animals or fish that inspired these sections. For example, matsyasana (fish pose), macarasana (crocodile pose), shalabhasana (bush pose), bhujangasana (cobra pose), marjarasana (cat pose), mayurasana (peacock pose), vrischikasana (scorpion pose), gomukhasana the mouth pose) the parvatasana (mountain pose), the vrikshasana (tree pose) and so on.

Many members of Asana can be categorized widely depending on the type of abdominal pain. Most Asana bends are positive pressure Asana, as it has a positive pressure on the stomach, eg. Pashchimatanasana, Yogamudra (yoga symbol pose), Hastapadasana (hand and foot pose), Pavanmuktasana (wind-free pose) etc. Asana is the negative pressure of Asana as they exert pressure on their abdomen, for example. Dhanurasana (bow pose), Bhujangasana (cobra pose), Naukasana (boat pose), etc. Both Asanai types can provide excellent back and abdominal organs. Switching between positive and negative pressure increases the body's body and improves blood circulation in this area. The muscle group in use has more oxygen and blood supply due to the pressure on the site. For example, in Yogamudra (the yoga symbol) the lower belly exerts a positive pressure, which causes Kundalini to wake up. The Hastapadasana refreshes all nerves on the back and back of the legs. As a result, they are fresh and rejuvenated. Vakrasana offers good massage to pancreas and liver, and is therefore recommended for diabetic patients.

2nd Pranayama
Practicing Pranayama is one way of getting rid of mental disorders and physical illnesses. Pranayama means controlled and prolonged breathing. Prana means breathing. It also means vitality. Ayami means control or prolongation. Just as a pendulum is needed twice to return to its original position, the Pranayama exhalation is two longer than inhalation. The main purpose of Pranayama is to limit mental stability and desire by regulating breathing. Breathing depends on the autonomic nervous system. By placing the involuntary breathing process under the direction of the mind extends the scope of the will. Pranayama is a bridge between Bahiranga (exoteric) yoga and Antaranga (introspective or esoteric) yoga. A body that has stabilized by Asana and cleansed by Kriya (purification processes) is ready for Pranayama. On the other hand, Pranayama prepares the mind and body for Yoga's meditation and spiritual practice like Dhyana, Dharana and Samadhi. At physical level, Pranayama's practice increases blood oxygen and then refreshes and rejuvenates the brain and nerves. Here are some physical advantages for Pranayama.
a. The lung, chest, membrane becomes stronger and healthier.
b. The lung capacity increases.
c. Slow pressure change creates a massage form for all organs in the stomach cavity.
d. Cleanses the blood by increasing the blood's capacity to absorb oxygen.
e. The brain works better with more oxygen in the blood.
f. Improvement of neuromuscular coordination.
The body is thin and the skin shines.

There are currently 8 people Pranayama namely Ujjayi, Suryabhedan, Sitkari, Shitali, Bhastrika, Bhramari, Murchha, Plavini. Of these, Ujjayi is the most popular Pranayama. Pranayama consists of 4 parts in the following order:
1) Pure (controlled inhalation)
2) Abhyantara Kumbhaka (Holding Inhalation)
3) Rechaka (Controlled Exhumation)
4) Bahya Kumbhaka Breathing keeping).

The proportion of these components is usually 1: 4: 2: 4, with a few exceptions. Patanjali Yogasutra has reached an agreement with this rate and many other scripts. For the sake of general well-being it is sufficient to practice the first three parts. Spiritual practitioners are usually all four, including the last one, namely Bahya Kumbhaka. Such a practitioner will do many more reps than someone who seeks on health and well-being. From the four parts of Pranayama there is Abhyantara Kumbhaka, which is identified with Pranayama. There is another Kumbhaka that spontaneously happens and Keval Kumbhaka.

Bandha (Locks) is very serious in Pranayama's practice. The four locks of the Mulabandha (closure of the anus), Jalandharbandha (closure of the throat or jugular vein), Udiyanabandha (closure of the abdomen or membrane) and Jivhabandha (tongue fixing). Depending on the purpose of Pranayama (mental or general health), locks are being performed. Mulabandha, Jalandharbandha and Udiyanabandha are the common Bandha for everyone. Jivhabandha is only compulsory for spiritual purposes.

Features of Yoga

Let's look at some of Yoga's main features.

1) Yoga is not a practice.

In order to understand the concept of yoga, we must keep in mind that yoga positions are not exercises, but the maintenance of parts of the body and sections. You can describe yoga for yogic stages or yogic exercises. Grabbing the body position by stretching the muscles, then holding this position as long as one body allows it, is what Yogic provides. Yoga requires very smooth and controlled movements and a slow constant tempo. To achieve this, full mental concentration should be exercised during yoga. Yoga movement is smooth, slow and controlled. Comparison with others is very discouraged. If something is beyond the capacity of the competitors, it is usually abused by one of our bodies, and so she really liked it. Breathing in yoga will remain constant, as opposed to aerobic exercises. Yoga isotonic, in contrast to bodybuilding exercises that are isometric. In isotonic stages, the length of the muscles increases, while the tone remains constant, unlike the isometric exercises in which the length of the muscles remains unchanged while the sound changes. At isotonic stages, the body is elongated in a certain way and maintained for a while.

2) Longer maintenance and less repetition (such as body capacity).

Yoga benefits improve by maintaining the body section. Longer maintenance will have better effect. However, man can not force himself to keep the body longer than the body. Every situation is pleasant and stable (Sthiram Sukham Asanam). Sthiram is even. Sukham means that it is pleasant and asanam means a body position or position. The right position for you, in which your body is stable (sthiram), and which is comfortable and comfortable for you (sukham). The moment the stage becomes unbearable and uncomfortable, and the body begins to shake, it needs to get very slow, smoothly and properly from this position. The beginner will have multiple repetitions and shorter maintenance. With more than one practice, repetition will be less and maintenance will be longer. After yoga, we only feel comfortable and fresh and nothing else. If you are tired, tired, or any part of your body has a pain, it only means trying to exceed your capacity.

3) Trust in your body. You Have to Do Minimal Efforts:

During your yoga exercise, you also learn to trust the body's bodypower to reach elasticity without conscious effort. As long as the goal is kept in mind and the body is only provided to its current capacity, flexibility is developed in itself. You just have to concentrate on your breath, focus on the actual state of the body, and enjoy this situation as long as you feel comfortable. Prayatnay Shaithilyam & # 39; means minimal effort. Although each of the asanas has an ideal position described and claimed by each asan, no one is forced to reach the ideal position. Yoga is so confident that you will gain flexibility after regular and regular practice. There is a message here, and to believe in the unknown. This message with the right endocrine function, the better muscle tone, the more relaxed mind, and the increased positive outlook, can be useful for the healing of all illnesses.

4) Focused Stretching:
The ability to stretch or exert pressure on a muscle group while reassuring the rest of the body is called a stretched stretch. For example, if a given Asana is based on the stomach as the main muscle group (pivotal muscles), the rest of the body calms down while the stomach becomes tense or under pressure. It is necessary to look at the need for unnecessary training of those muscles that are supposed to loose. At first it is difficult to follow, but it becomes easier with a practice. This habit to differentiate between different muscles in the pressure will be very useful in other areas of life. This allows you to easily relax while driving in the rush hour. During normal daily tasks, you are aware of unnecessary tensions in different parts of the body. Be careful while talking to someone, while brushing or in a traffic jam. You learn to ask yourself: I hold my breath, my shoulders tense, my neck rigid, my fingers shrunk? etc etc These acts are superfluous and weaken energy. Yoga teachers should relax and give time to worry and regret, impatience, and anxiety.

5) Breathing:
Monitoring respiration is an integral part of yoga. Common mistakes such as breathing or breathing are deliberately under yoga. Both errors must be avoided. Breathing retention causes headaches and fatigue, so the benefits of yoga are poor or inadequate breathing.

6) Anantha Samapatti (merging the infinite):

The ultimate goal of yoga is to unite itself into the greater self. Yuja means connecting or joining. The relationship between Atma and Parmatma is the union of body and spirit. Yoga is a way of life. Full integration. According to Patanjali (founder of yoga), two things determine the position of yoga; stable and comfortable posture and Anantha Samapatti. Therefore, posture can not be separated from meditation. In fact, a body that has been flexibly and continuously changed through the exercise of various positions provides a good basis for the ultimate transcendental state of mind (Samadhi). The kriya (cleaning processes) cleans the body. Mudra and bandha bring the necessary stability to the mind and concentration, initially a breath (pranadharana) then God (Ishwarpranidhana). Initially, the mind goes a long way and is fine. Later, you need to count your breath and listen to the air inside and outside of the air through the air. (Pranadharna). This allows you to focus more on it (sakshibhavana). Initially, it will be difficult to concentrate, as the postures are not as stable. But in practice it will be better and better. To do this, you must deliberately remove the mind from your posture and focus on the breath (pranadharana).

The Benefits of Yoga

If you follow the basic rules, there are several benefits you can enjoy. Maintaining body segments is flexible, flexible, flexible and stable. Breathing techniques purify the blood and purify the nasal passages and sinews. Stress damping is the greatest of all advantages. Yoga's relaxing positions teach you to relax your muscles and let gravity work on your body. The ability to differentiate between different parts of the body, ie relaxing a muscle group while relaxing all other teachers to relax and not waste energy during the daily routine. Concentration section is important in helping your mind ease from worrying about everyday activities and stress. Here is a detailed look at one of the most important benefits of yoga.

first Stress Relief

Stress, tension and anxiety are the inevitable features of modern life. Yoga offers a variety of techniques for treating stress and anxiety. The stress-free mind decreases the chances of half-illness, which is already widely known. Yoga teachers provide very effective breathing and relaxation techniques. Yoga helps you feel relaxed and increase your energy reserves by teaching how to leave gravity on your body. Half of the fatigue in any activity results from inadequate and unsatisfactory breathing and unnecessary breathing. Teachers of yoga should breathe properly and not stretch their body tense and stiff while doing other daily tasks. The emphasized stretch principle teaches you how to not waste your energy during your daily routine. You are aware that unnecessary tension exists in different parts of the body. Yoga teachers are completely rested and leave time and time for trouble and sorrow, impatience and anxiety. People who have busy schedules who have always been able to act must understand that resting is not a crime or a waste of time. On the contrary, it gives you new energy to do your job better.

2nd Feeling Energized and Refreshed

Proper breathing plays a major role in rejuvenating and refreshing the mind and body. Yoga breathing techniques provide plenty of oxygen to the lungs, clean up nasal passages and sinuses, helping to refresh. A body that becomes more flexible and flexible with stretching and maintenance of the sections, cleanses and energizes breathing technology. The various yoga sections have caused a balanced secretion of hormones, which then rejuvenates the whole body and as a result refreshes and energizes.

3rd Resilience of the Soul and Body

In addition to the relaxing effect, yoga consists of a number of body parts which, for a few minutes, provide great flexibility for the muscles. You start to wonder, "Am I the same person who was so hard before?" During many chronic disorders of the spine, yoga has helped many people reduce the frequency and intensity of the disease, such as spondylitis, arthritis, and so on. Maintaining body segments allows the body to elasticity, bend, elasticity, and stability. In this process, not only your body but your mind is flexible. The mind acquires the belief that things can change positively if they get enough time.

4th Solving Chronic Abnormalities

Yoga is especially suited for the control of the respiration and the spine. The breath and the spine are like wild animals. You force them to do something they are about to take. Treat them and be patient with them, to tame them to whatever extent. Many yoga stretch makes the spanish strong and flexible. From time to time, Yoga proved to be all blessings for all kinds of back pain. The technique of expiration is twice as long as inhalation (Pranayama) provides plenty of oxygen to the blood and many of the contamination of the blood is healed. Intentional Exhalation Technique (Shwasanmargshuddhi) cleanses the nasal passage and sinuses. They help to get rid of chronic sinus disorder or block the nasal passage for many people. This makes the lungs and respiratory organs stronger. The abdominal breathing technique (Kapalbhati) helps people with asthma or weak membranes to breathe easily.

5th In the center of the soul

The practice of yoga helps the center of the mind. Meditation, which becomes a part of yoga, teaches you how to focus more and achieve more from any activity. Dhārana, which means that the limitation of the Chitta (mind) is limited to the subject, is one of the Ashtanga-yoga 8 ends. It teaches you to get rid of all the thoughts of the mind and focus on the purpose. People are eager to enjoy soul-centricity through meditation (Dhyana) and Dharana in all ages.

6th Benefits Not Perfect

Even though an Asana can not achieve perfection, Asana's benefits are still not as perfect as the more relaxed mind, better flexibility, better blood pressure, lower heart rate, and better endocrine function. Whatever the condition of Asana is, if it meets the boom, the body gets the necessary massage and can provide it. As a result of the constant and sufficient phase, the secretion of endocrine glands is better. Brain cells get the necessary signals and the mind becomes more relaxed. The airflow can be better checked and the feet are then refreshed. This is done regardless of the level of perfection. This is the level of comfort and comfort that is more important than perfection.

The Origins and Philosophy of Yoga:


Patanjali (Ph.D. The Darshan Book of Shripatanjali, a collection of anthems (also known as Patanjali Joga Sutra), is highly valued by experts and practitioners and is known as one of the most respected reference books (a practice in practice) for yoga. The Patanjali Yoga is also considered Patanjala (Patanjali) and Rajayoga, which is royal yoga or the highest, great yoga, as it consists of exercises that lead to spiritual liberation (Moksha). Rajayoga is part of the Sankhya philosophy and is conscious of awakening Kundalini (the chakra opens completely in the transcendental state of meditation) and results in complete spiritual enlightenment when regularly exercised.

Patanjalayoga is also known as Ashtangayoga as it has 8 dimensions or 8 limbs. Ashta 8 and Anga mean the dimension or the Sanskrit limit. Yama (rules of social life), Niyama (personal development rules), Asana (Yoga posture), Pranayama (long-term and controlled breathing), Pratyahara (Dharana), Meditation experience, Samadhi (transcendental state , in which only the essence of existence exists) is the limb of Ashtanga-yoga. The first four dimensions form part of the Ashtangaayoga Exoteric (Bahiranga), while the last four dimensions form the Ashtangaayoga esoteric (Antaranga). From the 8th of Ashtanga-yoga, Asana and Pranayama are the only two limbs, which are usually the most popular form of Yoga.


In the 15th century, Legal Swatmaram founded one of the six systems called Hathayoga. Although Sanskrit's term Hatha is meaningful, Hathayoga is not about Hatha, but it is about balancing the two principles of the body. If and Tha are essentially symbols. If it means surya (day). Tha means chandra (hold). The right nostril (Pingala) is the Surya nadi while the left nostril (Ida) is Chandra nadi. Just as the sun and the moon balance the world's life cycle; the two nostrils balance the body's life cycle. Nadi is a channel through which vitality flows. Hathayoga helps maintain this balance by correcting the body's functional disorders and creating mental peace. Hathayogapradip is the standard textbook written by Hathayoga by Yogi Swatmaram. Hathayoga accepts the basic equipment of Patanjala yoga. Though it is a completely independent philosophical school, it is basically based on the philosophy of Rajayoga, which was explained by Patanjali Jogasutra. Indeed, all philosophy is the culmination of the Rajayoga, as each school's purpose is the same as Rajayoga, that is, lasting peace and happiness.

Hathayoga Consistent
a. Asana (body positions or sections eg Mountain pose, cobra pose)
b. Pranayama (controlled breathing technique eg Ujjayi, Anuloma Viloma)
c. Kriya (cleaning processes eg Kapalbhati)
d. Bandha and Mudra

According to Hathayoga, Asana, Pranayama, Kriya, Bandha and Mudra stairs to reach the ultimate psycho-spiritual effect of Rajayoga. The Rajayoga is the basis for a stable and relaxed soul and body. There is, however, a subtle difference between Patanjala yoga and Hathayoga. Patanjali focuses more on the psycho-psychic effect of yoga than the physical aspects and the actual techniques of Asana and Pranayama. Asana and Pranayama are much simpler and easier to do than Hathayoga. This offers the least amount of effort (Prayatnay Shaithilyam) and maintains a lasting, rhythmic pace and a stable, comfortable body position. Patanjali Yogasutra Asana and Pranayama discuss only the means of achieving physical and mental health in the chapter of Kriyayoga (part of Sadhana pada). On the other hand, Hathayoga's emphasis is based on the techniques of Asana and Pranayama, Kriya, Bandha and Mudra.

Yogasutra's philosophy:

Patanjali Lawsuitra consists of 195 sutras and 4 Padas (sections or chapters): Samadhi pada, Sadhana Pada, Vibhuti Pada and Kaivalya pada. Kriyayoga, the chapter on practicing yoga, is part Sadhana Pada (Yoga's Study and Practice Tools section). Kriyayoga discusses Asana and Pranayama water. the physical part of yoga. Just to take a look at Patanjali's philosophy, there are some thoughts on Samadhi Pada and Sadhana Pada of Yogasutra:

According to Patanjali, yoga's purpose and purpose is to attain Samadhi (the ultimate transcendental state in which there is a kind of pure existence and nothing else). Yoga is a unit of mind and body. Compared to a calm river that flows effortlessly down the downward bed. So yoga is more than just a physical exercise. Concentration of consciousness is the greatest benefit of yoga. Yoga is nothing more than self-study. The goal of yoga is self-conscious. Yoga teachers are closer to nature and enjoy a healthy life. To do so, yoga needs to be defined and believed.

Tapaswadhyayeshwarpranidhanani Kriyayogah

Tapa (constraints), Swadhyaya (reading the scriptures), Ishwarpranidhana. The way to be body-alert and active bulbs is health. Swadhyaya is a continuous research aimed at sharpening the mind. These Samhans are used to eradicate the flaws of human nature. There are five kleshas (bad tendencies) such as avidya (ignoreance), asmita (ego), rags (attraction affection), dwesh (hatred) and abhinivesh (complacency, stubbornness). These five murders disappear with Dhyana.

Yogaschittavrittinirodhah. When practicing yoga, all working modes of the mind completely cease to exist.

Your mind is controlled by yoga. You must involve your mind in Asana. Asana is a yoga tool. Body posture, maintenance and the range of asanas must be carried out according to their own capacity. Retention is more desirable than repetition. Meditation can not be separated from yoga.

Prayatne Shaithilyam anantha samapatti. When executing Yogasana (yogic postures), two things need to be observed. One is to relax mentally and physically. The second is Anantha samapatti. That means we're dealing with some infinite things. Patanjali says that all good things happen when they stop trying hard. With Ishwa alone, you release control and forget that you are in particular your posture. Yoga should be a way of life.

Yoga chitasya malam apakarot, Padena vachanam malam, and sharirasya cha vaidyaken yo apakarot. Speech improves if he reads the Pada loud (word of a poem), and a doctor heals the illnesses of the body. Likewise, yoga heals and cleanses the disease.

According to Samadhipada, all kinds of mental and physical problems such as illness, laziness, suspicions, suspensions, disobedience, misunderstandings, temptations, unhealthy thoughts are changes in the Chitta (mind). The consequences of these modifications are discomfort, instability, tremors and distortion of inhalation and exhalation. Patanjali says that through total concentration and permanence and the normal practice of yoga, they can get rid of all of these problems.

Ishwarpranidhanadva However, if someone is very difficult, then there is another way to reach full health and peace and to deliver to God (Ishwarpranidhanadva). According to the Samadhi's Fall, if you do not know it, give it to God and gain knowledge.

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