Peripheral Arterial Disease, commonly referred to as PAD, is clogged arteries in the legs that warn of widespread cardiovascular disease and is typically a stroke or heart attack warning. The risk of PAD is similar to heart disease: hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, smoking, obesity and family history. The more risk factors the higher the risk. Patients diagnosed with PAD are approximately two to four times more likely to develop coronary heart disease (CAD) and heart attacks increase by 20-60%.
Symptoms of PAD include my foot muscle, tiredness or pain that can occur in the buttocks, thighs, or calf muscles when walking or when you are working. However, in half of the cases diagnosed, there are no symptoms that have been reported or found, or they may have been removed as leg cramps, arthritis, or other causes. The longer the PAD will handle, the more serious it will be and the amputation eventually becomes necessary.
Early detection and management of PAD is key to preventing this point. The PAD test is typically a ankle-brachial index. The test includes the number of blood pressure measurements in the arm, then the ankle. The two numbers are compared: the number of ankles must be the same or slightly higher than the arm. The ankle-brachial index is 1 or 1.1 to 95 or below, and there is sufficient stenosis in the blood vessels in your legs, requiring further testing with tests that extend from leg ultrasound to MRI or CT
For early PAD Walking is the first and the best treatment line. If the PAD is advanced or the patient refuses to follow the walking sequence, the next step is surgery, typically the surgery of the limbs. Angioplasty found under the knee can not be regarded as effective or sustained surgical intervention over the knee. Bypass is another surgical procedure that can be considered when the symptoms are severe or if there is a risk that the leg will be completely lost. In most cases, a blood thinner is prescribed, but surgeries and medications are part of the treatment plan only in the long run. The key to the management of PAD is to identify and eliminate as many risk factors as possible.
Knowledge is also the key to managing PAD. In a study published in Circulation, Dr. Alan T. Hirsch. MD, the Department of Epidemiology and Community Health at Minnesota University at the Minneapolis Ministry of Public Health found that based on 2500 American adults aged 50 or over, only 26% knew what PAD was or knew was heart disease and / or stroke . Only 14% of the respondents knew that this could potentially lead to amputation
Proper nutrition to the past
Since PAD is related to heart disease and hypertension, the American Heart Association recommends that DASH diet may be useful in thought. DASH is Dietary Approaches to stop hypertension and contain fruits, vegetables, whole grain foods and healthy fat sources. The low fat dairy product is also included in the nutrition plan, suggesting that the red meat is completely restricted or eliminated. DASH also reduces the amount of sodium in the diet, which is one of the most important factors of high blood pressure.
Weight loss and cardiovascular health improvement
Protein is both plant and animal origin. Proteins should be derived from skimmed animal sources, chicken, turkey, fish and low-fat dairy products and plants as closely as possible. Protein not only helps improve cardiovascular health and function, but plays a number of ways to lose weight.
– Protein digests much slower in the body and improves satiety for a long time.
– Protein increases the level of thermogenesis in the body (30% increases in protein versus 10% hydrocarbon growth). In fact, only alcohol increases thermogenesis as proteins
– The protein stabilizes blood sugar levels, slows the absorption of glucose into the blood stream.
– Protein reduces hunger and increases fat burning potential.
– Protein, especially whey protein, produces slightly muscle tissue and reduces body fat.
– Soy protein reduces cholesterol and reduces blood pressure and is suitable for vegans.
– Whey protein promotes muscle healing after a strong workout and helps prevent muscle breakdown
– Whey protein can help improve blood vessel activity, increase blood flow and improve blood pressure
It is important not only to get the right protein but also to get the right amount. The American Heart Association suggests that up to 35% of total daily calories come from protein. This is consistent with the figures suggested by the DASH Weight Loss Plan, which must consist of 50% carbohydrate, 35% protein and 15% fat. The slightly higher protein protein keeps the score of satiety and makes it easier to lose weight.
Fats must come from healthy sources of food such as olives, olive oil, nuts, and fatty fish. Bad fats include saturated fats such as solid at room temperature and hydrogenated fats such as fats found in many processed foods. Carbohydrates are complex carbohydrates, such as full grain slices, which are slower absorbed into the body and do not cause insulin fungus, leading to weight gain. Avoid simple carbohydrates such as white sugar or white flour as they are empty from the food and result in increased weight gain.
Nutritional supplements can be added until they are counted in the total intake and need to be healthy: low calories, absorbent proteins have high and additional nutrition. Whey protein is a good choice, but it may be too high in calories, especially for those who lose a lot of weight. Removal of red meat from the diet may also mean eliminating L-carnitine, which has been shown to reduce PAD-related pain. Talk to her before making a supplement with her doctor