Nutrition is an inevitable factor in nation education and health promotion. A healthy student is a productive student. Good nutrition is increasingly felt as investing in human capital, which is returning today and in the future, while bad nutrition for the nation. The global loss of social productivity in 1990 is caused by four overlapping malnutrition? Iodine Iron and Vitamin A deficiency and abnormalities? has nearly 46 million years of productive disability? feeding the free life increases the return on investment in education and health care.
A part of the literature investigated the fact that the knowledge in Nigeria has declined significantly since the 1980s. Some have attributed this decline to malnutrition during the recent civil war. A researcher noted that in the 1980s Nigeria was the lowest number of domestic engineers in any third world country. English language teaching, which is the language of non-primary education, has reached a bad standard that the faculty has criticized for being unable to understand the written work of their students due to inefficient communication. . By 1990, the crisis in education was such that, in the next few decades, there would be no sufficient staff to provide basic services to the country. This requires serious attention before the nation loses all its skilled workforce. These problems relate to two main nutritional factors, malnutrition and malnutrition. The goal is to write this? to review the impact of nutrition on the current and the past and the steps needed to stop the situation. There are some solutions to the problem.
Nigeria is characterized by two main nutritional problems, which include malnutrition and micro nutrition. The rest has little impact and is now sustainable.
Malnutrition is characterized by inadequate intake of macronutrients. It often begins with the uterus and extends throughout the life cycle. It also covers generations. Malnutrition is pregnancy, childhood and adolescence, and cumulative negative effect on the birth weight of future infants. The infant, which has an intramuscular growth retardation (IUGR) as a fetus, is effectively malnourished and has a much greater risk of infant death. The consequences of non-malnourished birth are growing up. In infancy and early childhood, frequent or prolonged infections and inadequate food intake (especially energy, iron, protein, vitamin A, and zinc) may increase IUGR's contribution to underweight and death. In Nigeria, exclusive breastfeeding infants are the priest, akamu, ogi or kok, maize (Zee Mays), millet (pennisetum americanum) or guinea pig (sorghum spp.). People from low-income groups rarely feed meat, eggs or fish for babies, socio-economic factors, taboos, and ignorance. In Anambra, Nigeria, Agu observed that the priest had only 0.5% protein and less than 1% fat compared to 9% protein and 4% fat in the original corn. This is usually due to bad processing. Akinele and Omotola examined the energy and protein consumption of low-income babies and children. It was reported that about one-third and half of babies have varying degrees of malnutrition, and 10% of them are wasted and lost. According to a recent Nigerian national survey conducted by the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) in 1990, the proportion of underweight children below the age of five (under "2SD weight loss" below) was 36% and was severely underpaid 12%. (-3 SD). The prolongation was 43%, including a 22% severe standstill ("3SD"), while wasting and heavy wasting was 9% and 2% respectively. In 1986, in Ondo, Nigeria, the DHS Survey reported a 28% prevalence of malnutrition among children aged 6-36 months, 32% of stoppages and 7% of wasting.
In adults and older children, is it generally possible to achieve adequate protein? increasing energy intake by increasing the daily intake of starch with low nutrient content. For infants and toddlers, however, the amount of traditional diets is too large for the child to consume all the food he needs to cover his energy needs. The four to six months old baby would need 920g of corn beets to meet daily energy requirements (740 Kcal) and protein (13g). This is an impossible task, taking into account the actual stomach size. President Olusegun Obasanjo rightly noted that almost half of Nigerian children between 7 and 13 years of age still underweight. Many children and adults are hungry in bed and eat a daily meal, mostly consisting of carbohydrates.
Micronutrient is another tough mother who breaks down in nutrition. This is the inadequate input of key vitamins and minerals. It can be observed both in rural and urban populations in Nigeria. The lack of vitamins and minerals causes irreversible damage to the physical and mental development of the child. In addition to maternal effects, micronutrient deficits during pregnancy have serious consequences for the developing fetus. Yiddish disorders may cause fetal brain injury or birth (mental delay, delayed motor development) and confusion. Loss of yeast during fetal development and infants reduced the intelligence quotient by 10 to 15 points. Lack of foliage may result in neural tube or other birth defects and premature birth and both deficiency of iron deficiency anemia and vitamin A can have significant consequences for future children's morbidity and mortality risk, vision, cognitive development reduce their ability to concentrate and fully participate in school and socially interact and evolve. Obviously, 40% of children under the age of 5 suffer from vitamin A deficiency. This is the most important cause of preventable, severe visual impairment and blindness in children. The most vulnerable is the high proportion of school-age children and anemic pregnant women. These two nutritional problems are enormous in the Nigerian situation, have a great impact on the economic and social life of the country.
EFFECT OF CONSULTATION TO NATIONAL EDUCATION:
Nutrition has dynamic and synergic links to economic growth through the channel of education. Behrman quotes three studies suggesting that cognitive performance can help raise children's wages and raise child-raising and education. Infant and child nutrition affects the later cognitive performance and learning ability of the school years, and ultimately increases the quality of training for children, adolescents and adults. Parental education affects uterine, infant and pediatric patients directly in the quality of care (primarily maternal) and indirectly by increased household income. Human resource development, primarily through education, deserved attention as the key to economic development, but early childhood nutrition must still acquire the necessary emphasis as a necessary facilitator of education and human capital development
. childhood nutrition plays a key role in cognitive performance, bending ability, and ultimately household wellbeing. For example, the lack of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), as the damage manifests, is associated with lower cognitive development and educational performance; low birth weight is related to cognitive deficiencies; the lack of iodine in expectant mothers negatively affects the mental development of their children, leads to delayed maturation and reduces intellectual performance; the lack of iron may be impaired with simultaneous and future learning capacity. This is a long way to show that nutrition has a major impact on national education, as Nigeria is fully aware of this ugly impact now and in the coming period.
THE EFFECT OF ADVICE ON HEALTH GROWTH:
is a rich nation. Nutrition has a major impact on the growth of all nations, especially in Nigeria. Inadequate consumption of protein and energy and key micronutrients such as iodine, vitamin A and iron also play a key role in the morbidity and mortality rate of children and adults. Disadvantaged children have survivable disabilities and weakened immune systems.
Additionally, malnutrition is linked to illness and poor health, which adds an additional burden to household and healthcare systems. Disease affects a person's development very early. Gastrointestinal, respiratory infections and malaria are the most widespread and severe conditions that may affect the development of the first three years of life. Fractions affect the development of children by reducing food intake; causing food loss; or an increase in demand for food due to fever
Malnutrition plays an important role in adult illness. The relationship between chronic diseases and morbidity and the high BMI are recognized and analyzed in the developed countries primarily for the purpose of determining the life insurance risk. Is a study of Nigerian men and women showing mortality rates between chronic energies? who are slightly, moderately and severely underweight, are 40, 140 and 150 percent more than non-chronic energies. incompetent people.
The lack of micronutrients also significantly contributes to the burden of disease. Iron deficiency is associated with malaria, intestinal parasite infections and chronic infections. Chronic loser deficits cause the seizures of adults and children and affect mental health. The vitamin A deficiency significantly increases the risk of severe disease and death due to frequent childhood infections, especially diarrhea and measles. In areas where vitamin A deficiency persists, children are on average 50 percent more likely to suffer from acute measles. A UN report states that the improvement in vitamin A status resulted in a reduction in the mortality rate of children aged 1-5.
ASSESSMENT OF NEGATIVE AND NEW FINANCIALS:
Numerous bold steps have been taken by governmental and non-governmental organizations to eliminate and respond to malicious nutrition both in the present and in the past – although some are bad governance and economic downturns of the 1980s due to the fact that they were chronologically traceable. In 1983, the United States International Development Agency (USAID) began providing assistance to the Nigerian Federal and State Health Ministries in developing and implementing family planning and child survival programs. The focus was on three areas, particularly in the areas of government and social services. It also focuses on catalysing the growth and leverage of community and national NGOs in the field of healthcare and democratization. USAID committed itself and spent $ 135 million on bilateral aid programs for the period 1986-1996, as Nigeria initially undertook a successful structural adjustment program but later abandoned it. The plans to conclude a $ 150 million grant between 1993 and 2000 have been canceled in the United States, Nigeria's human rights abuses, failing democracy, and lack of co-operation against the Nigerian government. the problems of drug trafficking. In the middle? 1990â € ™ s these problems resulted in a reduction in US ID activities that benefited the military government.
In 1987, the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), the principal researcher Dr. Kenton Dashiell, launched an ambition effort in Nigeria to overcome widespread malnutrition. Encouraging the use of nourishing economical soybeans in everyday foods. They also said that about 40% of soybeans are protein. richer than the common source of plant or animal origin in Africa. By adding corn, rice and other cereals to soybeans, the protein thus obtained complies with the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) standards. Soybeans also contain about 20% oil, which is 85% unsaturated and cholesterol-free. Although this is a good program to reduce malnutrition, which began in the course of time, many socio-economic thrifts prevented its proper functioning during this period.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated in 1987 that 3 million cases were in Guinea Worms in Nigeria around 2% of the world made a total of 140 million cases for Nigeria as the nation's largest number of guinea worms. In the affected areas, the guinea worm and related complications were the main causes of work and school absenteeism.
In August 1987, the federal government launched its primary health plan (PHC), announced by President Ibrahim Babangida as the cornerstone of health policy. It affects the entire national population, its main goals include the development of accelerated medical staff; better collection and control of health data; ensured the availability of essential medicines in all areas of the country; Implementing an Extended Immunization Program (EPI); did nutrition improve? throughout the country; developing the health awareness of the national family health program; and broadly promotes oral dehydration therapy in the treatment of diarrhea in infants and children.
President Olusegun Obasanjo met with the President of the International University of Nutrition University (IUNS) in 2002 with the aim of promoting better coordination of nutrition activities and programs in Nigeria, saying that "the high prevalence of malnutrition is totally unacceptable for this government, and assured the IUNS President to do his utmost to ensure that access to health services and better nursing capacity of mothers, including breastfeeding, are available to improve food security in households.
September 2005 On November 27, Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo led the Nasarawa State School Nutrition Program at the Laminga Primary School. The program is fully funded and administered by the Nasarawa State, which today is a unique mod does this mean in Africa. Is the epoch-making event a promise to fight malnutrition, especially among children who have been observed at many ages 7? Underweight in 13 years. In addition, he promises to achieve nearly 27 million children in the next ten years. NAFDAC also helps to eradicate malnutrition through appropriate assessment of food and drug use in the country
Other international bodies and NGOs such as World Bank Development Fund; World Health Organization (WHO); UN agencies (UNICEF, UNFPA and UNDP); The African Development Bank; Ford and Mc Arthur Foundation, etc. each of them contributed to its own quarters to improve the health and nutrition of the nation.
The greatest solution to nutrition can be recorded in this slogan. "Take them younger." Children are most vulnerable to Utero's malnutrition before reaching three years, as growth rates are the fastest advertising they are most dependent on others at this time. However, nutritional intervention, such as the school nutrition program that started in school children at the Nasarawa State, also plays an important role in enhancing learning capacity. Training and nutrition education is very important. Nutrition education is easy to integrate into basic care programs. The African child survival program has reduced the high prevalence of malnutrition for a number of reasons, and the outcomes of nutritional economic losses under malnutrition include the percentage of total loss for all causes: the lack of human productivity, 10%, 15%, backward GDP,% – 10%  The government must also use the mass media if necessary if needed The government should also try to reach people in rural areas who have less access to the diversity of government interventions In addition, better nutrition is particularly strong in combating poverty as it is at low cost and has a lifelong impact Nutrition investment is one of the best ways of economic growth and a better social life
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