High Blood Pressure

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High Blood Pressure (HBP) is common among the elderly in the United States and is a serious condition that can significantly increase the likelihood of coronary heart disease, heart attack, stroke, kidney failure and other health problems and risks. In a literal sense, "blood pressure" is the blood's strength against the arterial walls while the heart pumps the blood. Over a long period of time, it is called HBP, and can cause great damage to the body. It is very important for the elderly to understand what their blood pressure means and how to effectively prevent and, if necessary, treat HBP. People involved in elderly care need to know about HBP and how they can stimulate healthy behavior patterns.


There are about one to three adults in the United States with a HBP. HBP itself has no obvious symptoms; for years, he could have damaged his heart, blood vessels, kidneys and other parts of the body without obvious signs. For this reason it is important to know your blood pressure regardless of how you feel physically. So you can take the necessary steps if you have too much pressure. Elderly and elderly people need to check blood pressure regardless of which range they are in. If this is normal, you must do it in the range. If it is high, treat it to minimize and prevent damage to the body.

Blood Pressure Numbers

Pressure rating numbers include systolic pressure, which is the heart blood pressure and the diastolic pressure that is the pressure when the heart rests between the spasms. Often, your blood pressure is described as systolic over diastolic. For example, you can see a value of 120/80 Hgmm that someone loudly says "more than 120".

The table below shows the normal number of adults and shows which numbers pose a higher risk for health problems. BP may fluctuate, but if the figures consistently exceed the normal value, there is a risk of high blood pressure.

* These provinces relate to adults with short-term, severe illness that may temporarily change blood pressure.

The level above 120/80 mmHg increases the risk, which increases as the numbers increase. "Prehypertension" means that you are prone to developing high blood pressure if it does not prevent it. If you managed HBP and your numbers were in the normal range, BP is under control, but there is still a status. It is therefore important to continue treatment to maintain a normal level, even if a healthy blood pressure is available at a certain point in time.


High blood pressure is common in the elderly because blood pressure tends to rise to age unless you take steps to prevent or control it. It is therefore important that elderly people and elderly people should monitor blood pressure to ensure that they stay or return to normal range.

There are medical issues that may cause blood pressure levels, such as chronic kidney disease, thyroid problems, and sleep breathing. Some medicines may also increase blood pressure. These include asthma (corticosteroids) and even overloaded cold-blood products.

Some women experience a drop in blood pressure when they are using a contraceptive pill, become pregnant, or use hormone replacement therapy. In menopausal women, reducing hormones by reducing symptoms may lead to a slight increase in systolic blood pressure. If you already have HBP and want to start taking hormone, talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits. If you choose to follow the treatment of hormones, it is important that you know how to regulate your blood pressure and how often it is to be controlled to avoid causing more serious health problems.

Risk Factors

There are several risk factors for HBP including certain results, conditions and habits. The main risk factors for HBP are described below.


As blood pressure increases with age, older people are at greater risk of developing HBP. In the United States, more than half of the elderly have HBP. In the elderly, the most common form of HBP is isolated systolic hypotension (ISH), which is defined as high systolic pressure (upper number). Two thirds of elderly people in HBP are ISH. Although many elderly citizens have HBP, this is not necessarily a normal part of aging. There are many ways to stay healthy and maintain normal blood pressure as we do today. Backgrounds are able to develop HBP but occur more often in African American adults than in Caucasian or Latin American adults. These groups are African Americans:

  • HBP is early
  • Often more HBPs
  • are more likely to be aware of HBP and are being treated
  • They are less likely than Caucasians and are so likely , such as Spanish Americans, to achieve target control by HBP treatment
  • HBP-related complications such as coronary heart disease, stroke and early death are higher than those of the Caucasus [19645010]

    ] The risk of HBP varies between different groups in Spanish American adults. For example, Puerto Rican American adults are more likely to experience HBP-related death than any other Spanish group and Caucasian. But Cuban Americans are lower than the Caucasians.

    Overweight or obese

    If you are overweight or obese, you have a greater risk of developing HBP. Overweight estimates that muscle, bone, fat and / or water have a higher body weight; Obesity means there is a lot of extra fat. Adult men have HBP in women, but women under 18-59 are more likely than men. Women over the age of 60 have the same likelihood as men are aware of and treat HBP treatment, but women over the age of 60 have lower blood pressure control than men of the same age.

    Unhealthy lifestyle habits

    Some lifestyle habits may be a risk factor for HBP.

  • Drinking too much sodium in salt foods or beverages
  • Drinking
  • Insufficient Potassium Intake
  • Not Enough Exercise or Exercise [19659020] Smoking

Other Risk Factors

HBP family history in your family may increase the sensitivity of HBP development. Long stressful times can also contribute to the risk.

Signs and Symptoms

In general, hypertension can not be detected in itself by noticeable symptoms. You will rarely experience headaches if you have HBP. It is possible that HBP will not understand for years. This does not mean that this does not harm your body at this time; on the contrary, HBP can damage your heart, kidneys, blood vessels and other parts of the body without knowing it.

People often find that only after HBP people develop a heart attack or stroke or coronary heart disease. Regular monitoring of your blood pressure and knowledge of numbers is very important in preventing harm and in serious health problems. Maintaining normal blood pressure or high blood pressure reduces the risk of more serious health problems.

Over time, hypertension can cause:

  • Enlargement or weakening of the heart that may lead to heart failure – a condition in which the heart can not pump a sufficient amount of blood through the body [19659020] Aneurysms or "ballooning" blood vessels in the arteries wall (Anorexia, arteries and arteries of the brain, legs and intestines leading to the spleen in the main artery in the heart)
  • Blood supply of blood vessels in the kidneys that may cause renal failure
  • Closure of arms in the body (especially in the heart, brain, kidneys and feet) that restrict blood flow and may lead to stroke, stroke, renal failure, or amputation of the leg part
  • Tendering or bleeding of blood vessels may lead to blindness or visual impairment [1 9659042] Treatment

    Treatments for A HBP include lifestyle cha medicines and medicines. The aim of the treatment is to achieve and maintain blood pressure below 140/90 mmHg.

    One of the leading citizens is able to regulate blood pressure to develop healthy habits, including:

    • Healthy Nutrition
    • Enough Practice
    • Body Weight
    • Tobacco Control Quitting
    • Stress Management and Learning

    A combination of these actions works better than any habit. It's hard to change your lifestyle, but if you take it slowly and change a thing at a time, changing habits can be more manageable. Participants in elderly care should encourage and assist these healthy changes.

    It is sometimes possible that blood pressure levels are controlled solely by lifestyle changes, but some elderly people may need the prescribed cure, while maintaining changes in lifestyle, to lower blood pressure. People with HBP have the purpose of monitoring blood pressure as much as possible, so it is important to keep a healthy lifestyle even after the medication is started.

    Follow a Healthy Nutrition Plan

    Your doctor may recommend a dietary approach to the DASH Nutrition Plan if you have HBP. The DASH Nutrition Plan focuses on fruits, vegetables, whole grain and other foods with a heart healthy and lower in sodium (salt).

    This diet plan contains little fat and cholesterol. Also contains non-fat or low-fat milk and dairy products, fish, poultry and nuts. The DASH diet plan mentions less red meat (even lean red meat), sweets, added sugars and sugary drinks. The plan is rich in nutrients, protein and fiber.

    To help regulate HBP, limit the amount of salt you consume. This means that low salt and "no salt added" foods and seasonings are reduced to the table and cooking. The nutrition label on the food packaging shows the amount of sodium in the batch. You should consume up to 1 teaspoon of salt per day.

    You should try to limit alcoholic beverages as well. Too much alcohol increases your blood pressure. Men have twice their daily alcohol content. Women should consume more than one alcohol daily.

    Excessive physical activity

    Regular exercise can reduce HBP and reduce the risk of other health problems. Elderly people are often excited at the beginning of the workout. It may be helpful for your doctor to ascertain how much and what kind of activity he or she is doing for you. If your doctor does not tell you otherwise, try at least 30 minutes of medium-intensive activity every day or all day of the week. You can do this all at the same time or shorter for at least 10 minutes.

    Medium-intensity activities include fast walking, dancing, bowling, cycling, gardening and house cleaning. If doctors agree, even more intensive activities such as jogging, swimming, and sports are required. Participants in elderly care should promote and encourage proper exercise for the elderly.

    Keeping a Healthy Weight

    Keeping yourself healthy can help control your blood pressure and reduce the risk of other health problems. If you are overweight or obese, your goal is to reduce your weight by 7-10% in the first year of treatment. This weight loss may reduce the risk of HBP-related health problems. After the first year, it may be necessary to continue to lose weight to lower the body mass index (BMI) to less than 25.

    BMI measures weight as compared to height and gives an estimate of total body fat. BMI can be considered overweight between 25 and 29 years. 30 or more BMIs are considered obese. BMI below 25 is the goal of maintaining blood pressure.

    Smoking may damage the blood vessels and increase the risk of HBP. It can also exacerbate HBP-related health problems. Smoking is bad for everyone, especially for those with HBP.

    If you smoke or use tobacco, quit. Talk to your doctor about programs and products that can help you quit.

    Stress Management

    Learning to treat stress, relax and solve problems can improve your emotional and physical health. Physical activity helps some people deal with stress. Other people are listening to music or concentrating on a calm or peaceful situation to reduce stress. Some pray, study yoga or mediate.


    It is very important that you take all prescribed antihypertensive medicines prescribed by your doctor. Know the names and dosages of all your medicines and ask your doctor or pharmacist if they are. Order your recipes before re-smoking before you get tired and take your medication as it was prescribed (do not miss the days or do not take more or less than the recommended dose). If you notice side effects, talk to your doctor about them. You may get a better drug or dose for you. Trust your doctor – it is not a good idea to take medications without consulting a healthcare professional.


    If you have normal blood pressure, you can change or maintain healthy habits to prevent hypertension. These habits include the following:

    • Healthy Nutrition Including Limitation of Sodium and Alcohol Consumption
    • Overweight or Obese Weight Loss
    • Excessive Exercise or Exercise
    • Cigarette Smoking
    • These steps, whether taken individually or collectively, help to reduce the risk of developing HBP. The most effective way of delaying or preventing HBP is by most or all of the steps recommended.

      If you have high blood pressure, you can still modify the more severe effects of HBP. The aforementioned healthy habits, together with medicines, can improve their quality of life. It is important to closely follow the treatment plan proposed by your doctor – this may delay or prevent serious health problems, including kidney disease, coronary heart disease and stroke.

      High Blood Pressure

      Diagnosis of HBP means that you need to be treated and controlled alive – even if your treatment successfully reduces your blood pressure, you still have this condition. Changing your lifestyle, taking the prescribed medication, and continuing medical care will continually become part of your life.

      Although treatment helps regulate blood pressure, this is not a cure. Disruption of treatment again increases blood pressure, which increases the risk of other health problems. The pursuit of a healthy future means closely following your treatment plan and working with a healthcare professional to gain blood pressure.

      Continuous Care

      Frequently ask your doctors for checks and tests. Your treatment plan prescribed by your doctor may change over time, and regular checks will allow you and your doctor to know that your blood pressure increases, so that the treatment can be quickly adjusted if necessary. During your examinations, ask your doctor or healthcare professional about your lifestyle or treatment.

      Monitoring blood pressure is vital. Check your blood pressure based on your doctor's recommended schedule. You may want to learn how to check your blood pressure at home. Your doctor can help. Each time you check your own blood pressure, write down the numbers and the date.

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