Comparison between human and ruminant digestive system

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Takes a person into his mouth, where they chew, confused with the saliva selected by the glands in the mouth. After chewing, some of the food is collected in the language. They are then ingested and the opening of the larynx is closed by a piece of tissue called epiglottis. This wing prevents food from entering the airway. If some food is spilled into this medium, there is a coughing back to release the food

Food comes from the esophagus to the stomach, contracting the stomach muscle wall to further stir and mechanical disintegration of the meal, which is mixed with the stomach gastric juice

The gastric mucous membrane is lined and is protected from gastric juice containing enzymes and hydrogen chloride. The food is broken down into smaller particles so it is easier to absorb into the blood stream and other foods pass through the pyloris valve to the small intestine and duodenum, a muscle ring at the end of the stomach and intestine.

The small intestine, the rhythmic movements of the walls cut the food and confuse the digestive tract, including the pancreas and the bile ducts (epithelium produced by the liver and stores the gallbladder). the effect of enzymes in these juices

The absorption of digestive nutrients occurs primarily through the small intestinal mucosa. The rhythmic movement of the intestine selects the non-absorbed food and the intestine from the small intestine to the small intestine, where the water is absorbed by the intestinal walls and the partially dehydrated material passes into the rectum from which it is excreted from the body through the stomach as a stool

The name of the ruminant means "chewing the shit", and this is the name for the mammals, cattle, cattle, sheep and goats, as well as the mammals, cattle, cattle, sheep and goats. goats ruminants.

Other groups of ruminant animals include antelopes, deer, camels, llamas, hippos, larvae and kangaroos. in four compartments (the camels must be three).


The food is partially chewed and swallowed, and they reach the first compartment, the rumen. The large stomach has no digestive juices or phlegm glands, and food is attacked by a large number of live protozoans, microbes and bacteria that are already present in the ruminant stomach. The degradation of cellulose, which is largely carried out at this stage of the stomach, the food is regained in small amounts from time to time in the mouth and slowly chews the pulp, and when the food is pressed again, a second compartment is called a reticulum. This section of the stomach further breaks down the cellulose and passes it to the third part of the omasum. Omasum contains large leafy structures that increase the surface for effective water absorption, muscles are mixed and further reduced until they enter the fourth compartment, called abomasum.


"Real stomach" It's a stomach like ours. In this organ, gastric juice is excreted, contains saline acid that kills most microbes and begins digestion and their contents are then absorbed to provide essential vitamins, minerals and amino acids.

Ruminants have a special metabolism of digestive bacteria. The protein needs are provided by ruminal bacteria, which use simple materials in urea and inorganic sulfates to produce proteins. This is a significant difference between ruminants and other animals as they produce their own protein. Most ruminants (cattle, sheep, goats) lack the upper incisors – replacing the tough "prosthesis", which is well-formed by lower incisors. Well-developed molars and premolars for grinding "Lateral". The toothless gap between the teeth and the premolars allows the tongue to manipulate the food. Chewing movements are stimulating, leading to increased salivary glands, especially on the side where the chewing has taken place. Up to 200 liters of cattle can be produced within 24 hours. Saliva is used to neutralize fatty acids produced by fermentation rich in bicarbonate.


Special language and lip for seizing and tearing

Most ruminants have upper teeth "Dental Pad

The gap between the premolars and the molars allows the tongue to manipulate the food in small quantities before swallowing

The mouth is fed

Complex digestive system (four stomachs)

A relaxing

The motion of the inner and the lower teeth is "vertical" Chickens and dogs producing shear, foodstuffs, premolars and molars for milling and

Two tooth types – decay and degradation Loss of inadequate nutrition – Replaces dentures (false teeth)

Food through the mouth

Digestive system (a stomach)

The white it is a nutritional requirement and consumes different foods.

Vomiting is more common in predators and omnivores.

Different foods for the production of various other nutrients

The effect on health, weather, irritability and stress can affect digestion processes


Food, water and oxygen to maintain life requires similar nutrients and waste

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